## What is an Extraneous Solution? How do you solve the Enigma?

In mathematics, equations are the key to finding many different answers. But sometimes, equations give us something fascinating to look at. This is called an extraneous answer. These answers can confuse even the most experienced thinkers and make us wonder what they mean. This piece aims to explain an outside solution, how it happens, and how to understand it.

## What is a “non-essential” Solution?

What is an Extraneous Solution: A solution that comes out of an equation but doesn’t solve the original problem is an extraneous or false solution. The lousy result comes about because of changes made during the solving process. Different answers often appear when solving radical equations or equations with rational expressions.

### Figuring out why extraneous solutions happen

Radical Equations: Radical equations use radicals (square roots, cube roots, etc.) and may have answers that don’t make sense. This happens because some information is lost when something is boiled down.

- (x – 3) = 2 is a mathematical equation. When we want to find x, we square both sides, which gives us x – 3 = 4. But when we look closer, we see that x = 7 works for the squared equation but not the original one. So, the unnecessary answer is x = 7.

- Rational Expressions: Rational expressions that include fractions can also lead to answers that are not needed.

- Let’s look at the formula 1/(x – 3) = 2. We get 1 = 2(x – 3) by cross-multiplying. When you break it down, x – 3 = 1/2. Even though x = 7/2 works for the simplified equation, it doesn’t work for the original equation, so it’s a useless answer.

### Finding and Figuring Out What Extraneous Solutions Are

- Verification: Substituting a solution into the original equation is the best way to ensure it works and find an extraneous answer.

- By putting 7 in place of x in the original solution (x – 3) = 2, we get (7 – 3) = 2, which simplifies to 4 = 2, proving that it is correct.
- But if we put x = 7/2 into the equation 1/(x – 3) = 2, we get 1/(7/2 – 3) = 2. Further simplification gives us 1/(-1/2) = 2, which we can write as -2 = 2. Since -2 does not equal 2, x = 7/2 is not the right answer.

- value: Solutions that don’t make sense in the context of the original problem have no physical or mathematical value.

- In the case of the radical equation (x – 3) = 2, squaring both sides leads to the extra answer x = 7. But the square root method can only work with numbers that are not negative. Because of this, the different solutions should be thrown away.
- Similarly, multiplying both sides by (x-3) gives the additional answer x = 7/2 for the rational expression equation 1/(x-3) = 2. This deception brings in an

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